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 Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad), FIGHTING AGAINST ENEMIES 2

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PostSubject: Jihad (Kitab Al-Jihad), FIGHTING AGAINST ENEMIES 2   Thu Jul 21, 2011 9:44 am

Book 14, Number 2658:

Narrated AbuUsayd as-Sa'idi:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said at the battle of Badr: When they come near you shoot arrows at them; and do not draw swords at them until they come near you.

Book 14, Number 2659:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

(At the battle of Badr) Utbah ibn Rabi'ah came forward followed by his son and his brother and cried out: Who will be engaged in single combat? Some young men of the Helpers responded to his call. He asked: Who are you? They told him. He said: We do not want you; we, in fact, want only our cousins. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Get up Hamzah get up Ali; get up Ubaydah ibn al-Harith. Hamzah went forward to Utbah, I went forward to Shaybah; and after two blows had been exchanged between Ubaydah and al-Walid, they wounded one another severely; so we turned against al-Walid and killed him, and we carried Ubaydah away.

Book 14, Number 2660:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The most merciful of the people in respect of killing are believers (in Allah).

Book 14, Number 2661:

Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

Al-Hayyaj ibn Imran ibn Husayn reported that a slave of Imran ran away. He took a vow to Allah that if he overpowers him, he will cut off his head. He then sent me (to Samurah ibn Jundub) to ask him about this question for him. I came to Samurah ibn Jundub and asked him. He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to exhort us to give alms (sadaqah) and forbid us to mutilate (a slain). I then came to Imran ibn Husayn and asked him. He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to exhort us to give alms (sadaqah) and forbid us to mutilate (a slain).

Book 14, Number 2663:

Narrated Rabah ibn Rabi':

When we were with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) on an expedition, he saw some people collected together over something and sent a man and said: See, what are these people collected around? He then came and said: They are round a woman who has been killed. He said: This is not one with whom fighting should have taken place. Khalid ibn al-Walid was in charge of the van; so he sent a man and said: Tell Khalid not to kill a woman or a hired servant.

Book 14, Number 2664:

Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Kill the old men who are polytheists, but spare their children.

Book 14, Number 2665:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

No woman of Banu Qurayzah was killed except one. She was with me, talking and laughing on her back and belly (extremely), while the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was killing her people with the swords. Suddenly a man called her name: Where is so-and-so? She said: I I asked: What is the matter with you? She said: I did a new act. She said: The man took her and beheaded her. She said: I will not forget that she was laughing extremely although she knew that she would be killed.

Book 14, Number 2667:

Narrated Hamzah al-Aslami:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) appointed him commander over a detachment. He said: I went out along with it. He (the Prophet) said: If you find so-and-so, burn him with the fire. I then turned away, and he called me. So I returned to him, and he said: If you find so-and-so, kill him, and do not burn him, for no one punishes with fire except the Lord of the fire.

Book 14, Number 2669:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

We were with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) during a journey. He went to ease himself. We saw a bird with her two young ones and we captured her young ones. The bird came and began to spread its wings. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came and said: Who grieved this for its young ones? Return its young ones to it. He also saw an ant village that we had burnt. He asked: Who has burnt this? We replied: We. He said: It is not proper to punish with fire except the Lord of fire.

Book 14, Number 2670:

Narrated Wathilah ibn al-Asqa:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) announced to go on expedition for Tabuk. I went to my family and then proceeded (on journey). The vanguard of the Companions of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had already proceeded. So I began to announce loudly in Medina: Is there anyone who takes a man on his ride, and he will get his share (from the booty? An old man from the Ansar (Helpers) spoke loudly: We shall have his share if we take him with us on our mount by turns, and he will have his meal with us. I said: Yes. He said: So go on journey with Allah's blessing. I then proceeded along with my best companion and Allah gave us booty. Some she-camels were given to me as my share of booty. I drove them till I reached him. He came out and sat on the rear part of the saddle of his camel. He then said: Drive them backward. He again said: Drive them forward. He then said: I find your she-camels very gentle. He said: This is your booty which I stipulated for you. He replied: Take your she-camels, my nephew; we did not intend (to get) your portion.

Book 14, Number 2672:

Narrated Jundub ibn Makith:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent Abdullah ibn Ghalib al-Laythi along with a detachment and I was also with them. He ordered them to attach Banu al-Mulawwih from all sides at al-Kadid. So we went out and when we reached al-Kadid we met al-Harith ibn al-Barsa al-Laythi, and seized him. He said: I came with the intention of embracing Islam, and I came out to go to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). We said: If you are a Muslim, there is no harm if we keep you in chains for a day and night; and if you are not, we shall tie you with chains. So we tied him with chains.

Book 14, Number 2674:

Narrated Sawdah daughter of Zam'ah:

Yahya ibn Abdullah said: When the captives (of the battle of Badr) were brought, Sawdah daughter of Zam'ah was present with the children of Afra' at the halting place of their camels, that is, Awf and Mu'awwidh sons of Afra'.

This happened before the prescription of veil for them. Sawdah said: I swear by Allah, I was with them when I came (from there to the people) and I was told: These are captives recently brought (here). I returned to my house, and the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was there, and AbuZayd Suhayl ibn Amr was in the corner of the apartment and his hands were tied up on his neck with a rope. He then narrated the rest of the tradition.

Book 14, Number 2676:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

When the children of a woman (in pre-Islamic days) did not survive, she took a vow on herself that if her child survives, she would convert it a Jew. When Banu an-Nadir were expelled (from Arabia), there were some children of the Ansar (Helpers) among them. They said: We shall not leave our children. So Allah the Exalted revealed; "Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear from error."

Book 14, Number 2677:

Narrated Sa'd:

On the day when Mecca was conquered, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) gave protection to the People except four men and two women and he named them. Ibn AbuSarh was one of them.

He then narrated the tradition. He said: Ibn AbuSarh hid himself with Uthman ibn Affan. When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) called the people to take the oath of allegiance, he brought him and made him stand before the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He said: Apostle of Allah, receive the oath of allegiance from him. He raised his head and looked at him thrice, denying him every time. After the third time he received his oath. He then turned to his Companions and said: Is not there any intelligent man among you who would stand to this (man) when he saw me desisting from receiving the oath of allegiance, and kill him? They replied: We do not know, Apostle of Allah, what lies in your heart; did you not give us an hint with your eye? He said: It is not proper for a Prophet to have a treacherous eye.

Book 14, Number 2678:

Narrated Sa'id ibn Yarbu' al-Makhzumi:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: on the day of the conquest of Mecca: There are four persons whom I shall not give protection in the sacred and non-sacred territory. He then named them. There were two singing girls of al-Maqis; one of them was killed and the other escaped and embraced Islam.

Book 14, Number 2680:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

Ibrahim said: Ad-Dahhak ibn Qays intended to appoint Masruq as governor. Thereupon Umarah ibn Uqbah said to him: Are you appointing a man from the remnants of the murderers of Uthman? Masruq said to him: Ibn Mas'ud narrated to us, and he was trustworthy in respect of traditions, that when the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) intended to kill your father, he said: Who will look after my children? He replied: Fire. I also like for you what the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) liked for you.

Book 14, Number 2681:

Narrated Ibn Ti'li:

We fought along with AbdurRahman ibn Khalid ibn al-Walid. Four infidels from the enemy were brought to him. He commanded about them and they were killed in confinement.

Book 14, Number 2681A:

Narrated AbuAyyub al-Ansari:

AbuDawud said: The narrators other than Sa'id reported from Ibn Wahb in this tradition: "(Killed him) with arrows in confinement." When AbuAyyub al-Ansari was informed about it, he said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibiting to kill in confinement. By Him in Whose hands my soul is, if there were a hen, I would not kill it in confinement. AbdurRahman ibn Khalid ibn al-Walid was informed about it (the Prophet's prohibition). He set four slaves free.

Book 14, Number 2685:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) fixed the ransom of the people of pre-Islamic Arabia at four hundred dirhams per head on the day of the battle of Badr.

Book 14, Number 2686:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

When the people of Mecca sent about ransoming their prisoners Zaynab sent some property to ransom Abul'As, sending among it a necklace of hers which Khadijah had had, and (which she) had given to her when she married Abul'As. When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saw it, he felt great tenderness about it and said: If you consider that you should free her prisoner for her and return to her what belongs to her, (it will be well). They said: Yes. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) made an agreement with him that he should let Zaynab come to him, and the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent Zayd ibn Harithah and a man of the Ansar (the Helpers) and said: Wait in the valley of Yajij till Zaynab passes you, then you should accompany her and bring her back.

Book 14, Number 2688:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then said: Return to them (Hawazin) their women and their sons. If any of you withholds anything from this booty, we have six camels for him from the first booty which Allah gives us. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) then approached a camel, and taking a hair from its hump said: O people, I get nothing of this booty, not even this (meanwhile raising his two fingers) but the fifth, and the fifth is returned to you, so hand over threads and needles. A man got up with a ball of hair in his hand and said: I took this to repair the cloth under a pack-saddle. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: You can have what belongs to me and to the Banu al-Muttalib. He said: If it produces the result that I now realise, I have no desire for it.

Book 14, Number 2690:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

Ali separated between a slave-girl and her child. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited it and made the sale transactions withdrawn.

Book 14, Number 2692:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Nafi' said that a slave of Ibn Umar ran away to the enemy, and then the Muslims overpowered them. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) returned him to Ibn Umar and that was not distributed (as a part of booty).

Book 14, Number 2694:

Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:

Some slaves (of the unbelievers) went out to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) on the day of al-Hudaybiyyah before treaty. Their masters wrote to him saying: O Muhammad, they have not gone out to you with an interest in your religion, but they have gone out to escape from slavery. Some people said: They have spoken the truth, Apostle of Allah, send them back to them. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) became angry and said: I do not see your restraining yourself from this action), group of Quraysh, but that Allah send someone to you who strike your necks. He then refused to return them, and said: They are emancipated (slaves) of Allah, the Exalted.

Book 14, Number 2695:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

In the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) an army got food and honey and a fifth was not taken from them.

Book 14, Number 2697:

Narrated AbdurRahman ibn Samurah ibn Kabul:

AbuLabid said: We were with AbdurRahman ibn Samurah ibn Kabul. The people got booty and plundered it. He stood and addressed (the people): I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibiting getting property from the booty before its distribution. Therefore, they returned what they had taken, He then distributed it among them.

Book 14, Number 2698:

Narrated Abdullah ibn AbuAwfa:

Muhammad ibn AbulMujahid reported Abdullah ibn AbuAwfa as saying: I asked: Did you set aside the fifth of the food in the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)? He replied: On the day of Khaybar we captured food and a man would come and take as much food of it as needed and then go away.

Book 14, Number 2699:

Narrated A man of the Ansar:

Kulayb reported from a man of the Ansar. He said: We went out with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) on a journey. The people suffered from intense need and strain. They gained booty and then plundered it. While our pots were boiling the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came walking with his bow touching the ground. He turned over our pots with his bow and smeared the meat with the soil, and said: "Plunder is more unlawful than carrion," or he said: "Carrion is more unlawful than plunder." The narrator Hannad was doubtful.

Book 14, Number 2700:

Narrated One of the Companion:

Al-Qasim, the client of AbdurRahman, quoted one of the Companion of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: We would eat a camel on an expedition without dividing it, and when we returned to our dwellings our saddle-bags would be full with its flesh.

Book 14, Number 2701:

Narrated Mu'adh ibn Jabal:

AbdurRahman ibn Ghanam said: We were stationed at the frontiers of the city of Qinnisrin with Shurahbil ibn as-Simt. When he conquered it, he got sheep and cows there. He distributed some of them amongst us, and deposited the rest of them in the spoils of war. I met Mu'adh ibn Jabal and mentioned it to him. Mu'adh said: we went on an expedition of Khaybar along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and we got spoils there. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) divided them among us and placed the rest of them in the booty.

Book 14, Number 2702:

Narrated Ruwayfi' ibn Thabit al-Ansari:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: He who believes in Allah and the Last Day must not ride on packhorse belonging to the booty of the Muslims and put it back when he has emaciated it; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day must not wear a garment belonging to the booty of the Muslims and put it back when he made it threadbare.

Book 14, Number 2703:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

I passed when AbuJahl had fallen as his foot was struck (with the swords). I said: O enemy of Allah, AbuJahl, Allah has disgraced a man who was far away from His mercy. I did not fear him at that moment. He replied: It is most strange that a man has been killed by his people. I struck him with a blunt sword. But it did not work, and then his sword fell down from his hand, I struck him with it until he became dead.

Book 14, Number 2704:

Narrated Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani:

A man from the Companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) died on the day of Khaybar. They mentioned the matter to the Apostle of Allah. He said: Offer prayer over your companion. When the faces of the people looked perplexed, he said: Your companion misappropriated booty in the path of Allah. We searched his belongings and found some Jewish beads not worth two dirhams.

Book 14, Number 2706:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) gained booty he ordered Bilal to make a public announcement. He made a public announcement, and when the people brought their booty, he would take a fifth and divide it. Thereafter a man brought a halter of hair and said: Apostle of Allah, this is a part of the booty we got. He asked: Have you heard Bilal making announcement three times? He replied: Yes. He asked: What did prevent you from bringing it? He made some excuse, to which he said: Be (as you are), you may bring it on the Day of Judgment, for I shall not accept it from you.

Book 14, Number 2707:

Narrated Umar ibn al-Khattab:

Salih ibn Muhammad ibn Za'idah (AbuDawud said: This Salih is AbuWaqid) said: We entered the Byzantine territory with Maslamah. A man who had been dishonest about booty was brought.

He (Maslamah) asked Salim about him. He said: I heard my father narrating from Umar ibn al-Khattab from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He said: When you find a man who has been dishonest about booty, burn his property, and beat him. He beat him. He said: We found in his property a copy of the Qur'an. He again asked Salim about it. He said: Sell it and give its price in charity.

Book 14, Number 2709:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), AbuBakr and Umar burned the belongings of anyone who had been dishonest about booty and beat him.

Book 14, Number 2710:

Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: To begin with, anyone who conceals one who has been dishonest about booty is like him.

Book 14, Number 2715:

Narrated Awf ibn Malik al-Ashja'i ; Khalid ibn al-Walid:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) gave judgement that the killer should have what was taken from the man he killed, and did not make this subject to division into fifths.

Book 14, Number 2716:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

At the battle of Badr the Apostle of Allah gave me AbuJahl's sword, as I had killed him.

Book 14, Number 2717:

Narrated Sa'id ibn al-'As:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent AbuSa'id ibn al-'As with an expedition from Medina towards Najd. Aban ibn Sa'id and his companions came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) at Khaybar after it had been captured. The girths of their horses were made of palm fibres. Aban said: Give us a share (from the booty), Apostle of Allah. AbuHurayrah said: I said: Do not give them a share, Apostle of Allah. Aban said: Why are you talking so, Wabr. You have come to us from the peak of Dal. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Sit down, Aban. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) did not give any share to them (from the booty).

Book 14, Number 2720:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) stood up, i.e. on the day of Badr, and said: Uthman has gone off on the business of Allah and His Apostle, and I shall take the oath of allegiance on his behalf. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then allotted him a share, but did not do so for anyone else who was absent.

Book 14, Number 2721:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

Yazid ibn Hurmuz said: Najdah wrote to Ibn Abbas asking him about such-and-such, and such-and-such, and he mentioned some things; he (asked) about a slave whether he would get something from the spoils; and he (asked) about women whether they used to go out (on expeditions) along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), and whether they would be allotted a share, Ibn Abbas said: Had I not apprehended a folly, I would not have written (a reply) to him. As for the slave, he was given a little of the spoils (as a reward from the booty); as to the women, they would treat the wounded and supply water.

Book 14, Number 2723:

Narrated Umm Ziyad:

Hashraj ibn Ziyad reported on the authority of his grandmother that she went out with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) for the battle of Khaybar. They were six in number including herself.

(She said): When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was informed about it, he sent for us. We came to him, and found him angry.

He said: With whom did you come out, and by whose permission did you come out?

We said: Apostle of Allah, we have come out to spin the hair, by which we provide aid in the cause of Allah. We have medicine for the wounded, we hand arrows (to the fighters), and supply drink made of wheat or barley.

He said: Stand up. When Allah bestowed victory of Khaybar on him, he allotted shares to us from spoils that he allotted to the men. He (Hashraj ibn Ziyad) said: I said to her: Grandmother, what was that? She replied: Dates.

Book 14, Number 2724:

Narrated Umayr, client of AbulLahm:

I was present at Khaybar along with my masters who spoke about me to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He ordered about me, and a sword was girded on me and I was trailing it. He was then informed that I was a slave. He, therefore, ordered that I should be given some inferior goods.

Book 14, Number 2725:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

I supplied water to my companions on the day of Badr.

Book 14, Number 2728:

Narrated AbuUmrah (al-Ansari?):

We four persons, came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), and we (i.e. each one of us) had horses. He therefore, allotted one portion for each of us, and two portions for his horse.

Book 14, Number 2730:

Narrated Mujammi' ibn Jariyah al-Ansari:

Mujammi' was one of the Qur'an-reciters (qaris), and he said: We were present with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) at al-Hudaybiyyah. When we returned, the people were driving their camels quickly.

The people said to one another: What is the matter with them?

They said: Revelation has come down to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). We also proceeded with the people, galloping (our camels). We found the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) standing on his riding-animal at Kura' al-Ghamim.

When the people gathered near him, he recited: "Verily We have granted thee a manifest victory.

A man asked: Is this a victory, Apostle of Allah? He replied: Yes. By Him in Whose hands the soul of Muhammad is, this is a victory. Khaybar was divided among those who had been at al-Hudaybiyyah, and the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) divided it into eighteen portions. The army consisted of one thousand five hundred men, of which three hundred were cavalry, and he gave two shares to a horseman and one to a foot-soldier.

Book 14, Number 2731:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said on the day of Badr: He who does such-and-such, will have such-and such. The young men came forward and the old men remained standing near the banners, and they did not move from there. When Allah bestowed victory on them, the old men said: We were support for you. If you had been defeated, you would have returned to us. Do not take this booty alone and we remain (deprived of it). The young men refused (to give), and said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) has given it to us. Then Allah sent down: "They ask thee concerning (things taken as) spoils of war, Say: (Such) spoils are at the disposal of Allah and the Apostle......Just as they Lord ordered thee out of thy house in truth, even though a party among the believers disliked it." This proved good for them. Similarly obey me. I know the consequence of this better than you.

Book 14, Number 2732:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said on the day of Badr: He who kills a man will get such-and-such, and he who captivates a man will get such-and-such. The narrator then transmitted the rest of the tradition in a similar manner. The tradition of Khalid is more perfect.

Book 14, Number 2735:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent us along with an army towards Najd, and he sent a detachment of that army (to face the enemy). The whole army got twelve camels per head as their portion, but he gave the detachment one additional camel (apart from the division made to the army). Thus they got thirteen camels each (as a reward).

Book 14, Number 2737:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent a detachment to Najd. I went out along with them, and got abundant riches. Our commander gave each of us a camel as a reward. We then came upon the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and he divided the spoils of war among us. Each of us received twelve camels after taking a fifth of it. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) did not take account of our companion (i.e. the commander of the army), nor did he blame him for what he had done. Thus each man of us had received thirteen camels with the reward he gave.

Book 14, Number 2740:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to give to some of the detachments he sent out (something extra) for themselves in particular apart from the division made to the whole army. The fifth is necessary in all that.

Book 14, Number 2741:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) went out on the day of Badr along with three hundred and fifteen (men). The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: O Allah, they are on foot, provide mount for them; O Allah , they are naked, clothe them; O Allah, they are hungry, provide food for them. Allah then bestowed victory on them. They returned when they were clothed. There was no man of them but he returned with one or two camels; they were clothed and ate to their fill.

Book 14, Number 2742:

Narrated Habib ibn Maslamah al-Fihri:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would give a third of the spoils after he would keep off the fifth.

Book 14, Number 2743:

Narrated Habib ibn Maslamah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to give a quarter of the booty as reward after the fifty had been kept off, and a third after the fifth had been kept off when he returned.

Book 14, Number 2744:

Narrated Habib ibn Maslamah al-Fihri:

Makhul said: I was the slave of a woman of Banu Hudhayl; afterwards she emancipated me. I did not leave Egypt until I had acquired all the knowledge that seemed to me to exist there.

I then came to al-Hijaz and I did not leave it until I had acquired all the knowledge that seemed to be available.

Then I came to al-Iraq, and I did not leave it until I had acquired all the knowledge that seemed to be available.

I then came to Syria, and besieged it. I asked everyone about giving rewards from the booty. I did not find anyone who could tell me anything about it.

I then met an old man called Ziyad ibn Jariyah at-Tamimi. I asked him: Have you heard anything about giving rewards from the booty? He replied: Yes. I heard Maslamah al-Fihri say: I was present with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).

He gave a quarter of the spoils on the outward journey and a third on the return journey.

Book 14, Number 2745:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Muslims are equal in respect of blood. The lowest of them is entitled to give protection on behalf of them, and the one residing far away may give protection on behalf of them. They are like one hand over against all those who are outside the community. Those who have quick mounts should return to those who have slow mounts, and those who got out along with a detachment (should return) to those who are stationed. A believer shall not be killed for an unbeliever, nor a confederate within the term of confederation with him.

Book 14, Number 2747:

Narrated Ma'an ibn Yazid:

AbulJuwayriyyah al-Jarmi said: I found a red pitcher containing dinars in Byzantine territory during the reign of Mu'awiyah. A man from the Companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) belonging to Banu Sulaym was our ruler. He was called Ma'an ibn Yazid. I brought it to him. He apportioned it among the Muslims. He gave me the same portion which he gave to one of them. He then said: Had I not heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: There is no reward except after taking the fifth (from the booty), I would have given you (the reward). He then presented his own share to me, but I refused.

Book 14, Number 2749:

Narrated Amr ibn Abasah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) led us in prayer facing a camel which had been taken in booty, and when he had given the salutation, he took a hair from the camel's side and said: I have no right as much as this of your booty, but only to the fifth. and the fifth is returned to you.

Book 14, Number 2752:

Narrated AbuRafi':

The Quraysh sent me to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), and when I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), Islam was cast into my heart, so I said: Apostle of Allah, I swear by Allah, I shall never return to them. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) replied: I do not break a covenant or imprison messengers, but return, and if you feel the same as you do just now, come back. So I went away, and then came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and accepted Islam.

Book 14, Number 2753:

Narrated Amr ibn Abasah:

Sulaym ibn Amir, a man of Himyar, said: There was a covenant between Mu'awiyah and the Byzantines, and he was going towards their country, and when the covenant came to an end, he attacked them. A man came on a horse, or a packhorse saying, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great; let there be faithfulness and not treachery. And when they looked they found that he was Amr ibn Abasah. Mu'awiyah sent for him and questioned him (about that). He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: When one has covenant with people he must not strengthen or loosen it till its term comes to an end or he brings it to an end in agreement with them (to make both the parties equal). So Mu'awiyah returned.

Book 14, Number 2754:

Narrated AbuBakrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone kills a man whom he grants protection prematurely, Allah will forbid him to enter Paradise.

Book 14, Number 2755:

Narrated Nu'aym ibn Mas'ud:

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say when he read the letter of Musaylimah: What do you believe yourselves? They said: We believe as he believes. He said: I swear by Allah that were it not that messengers are not killed, I would cut off your heads.

Book 14, Number 2756:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud:

Harithah ibn Mudarrib said that he came to Abdullah ibn Mas'ud and said (to him): There is no enmity between me and any of the Arabs. I passed a mosque of Banu Hanifah. They (the people) believed in Musaylimah. Abdullah (ibn Mas'ud) sent for them. They were brought, and he asked them to repent, except Ibn an-Nawwahah. He said to him: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Were it not that you were not a messenger, I would behead you. But today you are not a messenger. He then ordered Qarazah ibn Ka'b (to kill him). He beheaded him in the market. Anyone who wants to see Ibn an-Nawwahah slain in the market (he may see him).

Book 14, Number 2758:

Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu'minin:

A woman would give security from the believers and it would be allowed.

Book 14, Number 2761:

Narrated Dhu Mikhbar:

Hassan ibn Atiyyah said: Makhul and Ibn Zakariyya went to Khalid ibn Ma'dan, and I also went along with them. He reported a tradition on the authority of Jubayr ibn Nufayr. He said: Go with us to Dhu Mikhbar, a man from the Companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). We came to him and Jubayr asked him about peace. He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: You will make a secure peace with the Byzantines, then you and they will fight an enemy behind you.

Book 14, Number 2763:

Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Faith prevented assassination. A believer should not assassinate.

Book 14, Number 2768:

Narrated AbuBakrah:

When anything came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) which caused pleasure (or, by which he was made glad), he prostrated himself in gratitude to Allah.

Book 14, Number 2769:

Narrated Sa'd ibn AbuWaqqas:

We went out with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) from Mecca making for Medina. When we were near Azwara', he alighted, then raised his hands, and made supplication to Allah for a time, after which he prostrated himself, remaining a long time in prostration. Then he stood up and raised his hands for a time, after which he prostrated himself, remaining a long time in prostration.

He then stood up and raised his hands for a time, after which he prostrated himself. Ahmad mentioned it three times.

He then said: I begged my Lord and made intercession for my people, and He gave me a third of my people, so I prostrated myself in gratitude to my Lord. Then I raised my head and begged my Lord for my people, and He gave me a third of my people, so I prostrated myself in gratitude to my Lord. Then I raised my head and begged my Lord for my people and He gave me the remaining third, so I prostrated myself in gratitude to my Lord.

Book 14, Number 2770:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) disapproved that a man should come to his family during the night (after returning from a journey).

Book 14, Number 2771:

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The best time for a man to go in to his family on return from a journey is at the beginning of the night.

Book 14, Number 2776:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) arrived from his hajj, he entered Medina, and made (his camel) kneel down at the gate of his mosque; and he entered it and offered two rak'ahs of prayer; he then returned to his home. Nafi' said: Ibn Umar also used to do so.

Book 14, Number 2777:

Narrated AbuSa'id al-Khudri:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Beware of the wages of a distributor of booty (qusamah). We asked: What is qusamah (wages of a distributor)? He said: It means a thing which is shared by the people, and then it is reduced.

Book 14, Number 2778:

Narrated Ata' ibn Yasar:

Ata' reported a similar tradition (to No 2777) from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).

This version adds: a man is appointed on groups of people, and takes (wages) from the share of this, and from the share of this.

Book 14, Number 2779:

Narrated A man from the Companions of the Prophet:

Ubaydullah ibn Salman reported on the authority of a man from the Companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him): When we conquered Khaybar, they (the people) took out their spoils which contained equipment and captives. The people began to buy and sell their spoils. When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prayed, a man came to him and said: Apostle of Allah, I have gained today so much so that no one gained from this valley. He asked: Woe unto you, how much did you gain? He replied: I kept on selling and buying until I gained three hundred uqiyahs. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: I tell you a man who gained better than you. He asked: What is that, Apostle of Allah? He replied! Two rak'ahs (of supererogatory prayer) after the (obligatory) prayer.

Book 14, Number 2780:

Narrated Dhul-Jawshan:

A man of ad-Dabab, said: When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) became free from the people of Badr I brought to him a colt of my mare called al-Qarha' I said: Muhammad, I have brought a colt of a al-Qarha' , so that you may take it. He said: I have no need of it. If you wish that I give you a select coat of mail from (the spoils of) Badr, I shall do it. I said: I cannot give you today a colt in exchange. He said: Then I have no need of it.

Book 14, Number 2781:

Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub:

To proceed, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Anyone who associates with a polytheist and lives with him is like him.

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